To be fair, several commentators (Henrich, Wilson, Gintis, Boyd Mathews, Queller, and Richerson) extricate some hard essays about stock exchange technology companies kernels from the dust bunny, namely mathematical models of social evolution that have been called "group selection." They are right to complain that my essay mentioned these models only. The design due to human designers and the design due to natural selection are often responsive to the same reasons and conditions (think airplane wings and birds' wings) to the point that the former are often quite dutiful copies of the latter. Never before or since has the architecture, people, and their various occupations been so nobly documented in such detail. Peter Turchin Evolutionary Scientist, University of Connecticut; Author, Ultrasociety: How 10,000 Years of War Made Humans the Greatest Cooperators on Earth. Wilson Wilson, 2008 ). These social factors will continue to keep the problem of the evolution of cooperation problematic. The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Nonetheless, it's the genes themselves that are replicated over generations and are thus the targets of selection and the ultimate beneficiaries of adaptations. The authors have not even attempted to show that this is the case.
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This multiplicity and indeterminacy of meanings is reason enough to imprison the term in adamantine chains and pitch it into the Marianas Trench, limiting its future mischief to unwary coelacanths and unusually credulous archaebacteria. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. Shared intentionality rests on a fundamentally prosocial disposition. van Veelen,.,., Group selection and inclusive fitness are not equivalent; the Price equation. For the purposes of the present debate, things get clearer if we contrast selfishness with groupishness. They raided each others' bunks, called each other names, and even made weapons (socks filled with rocks.) Were these acts altruistic? 'Group selection even in the rare cases where it is not actually wrong, is a cumbersome, time-wasting, distracting impediment to what would otherwise be a clear and straightforward understanding of what is going on in natural selection. This is no more group selection than the differential reproduction of the flora in our guts is group selection. Once again, a vast amount of human cooperation is elegantly explained by this theory.