correct: for - to evoke once again the experiences and terms of the class struggle - we all know that a revolution is always open to attacks, to retreats and reverses, and even to the risk of counter-revolution. 1 John Lewis : "It is man who makes history". Hence, Spinozas analysis in the proceeds according to this geometrical method. The class struggle must be put in the front rank. The Introduction to For Marx. 13 Stalin, in fact, did tend to "forget about" class struggle. The site of the proposed demarcation of science is the historical process of the modification and replacement of theories. If John Lewis's "man" disappears, that does not mean that real men disappear. Do you know of any being under the sun endowed with such a power? These were some of the questions facing the young Soviet state.
It has to be said that this is precisely what the majority of so-called philosophy teachers do in our bourgeois society. They even, now and again, said and repeated that certain idealist philosophers (Hegel, for example) had understood this "activity" better, though in "mystified" forms, than certain non-dialectical materialist philosophers. Stalin, however, specifically argues that (in the ussr of 1952) "the system of wage labour no longer exists and labour power is no longer a commodity" ( ibid.
For Althusser, the rejection of the religious myth of reading takes the form of a rupture with the conception of discourse which sees it as the transparent expression of the truth. Up to now we have looked mainly at the question of the socialist economy. Ultimately, this is a matter of the system of basic concepts and forms of proof considered synchronically, in their static internal organization. But to obtain surplus-value you need not simply a system of commodity production and exchange, but "a commodity whose process of consumption is at the same time a process of the creation of value. 17 This sense of problematic Is clearly defined by S Karsz, Thorie et Polltique: Louis Althusser, PariS, Fayard, 1974, pp34-5: To mow a prOblematIc Is to mow the mechanism of functioning of a set of texts. Then, in 1939 he was once again speaking of the ussr as "free of all class conflicts". So far, so good. We call problematic the ccmditlOlls. "There is no socialist mode of production" - thesis advanced by Althusser in a course on Marx's Zur Kritik der politischen Oekonomie, given at the Ecole Normale Suprieure, rue d'Ulm, Paris in June 1973. I am rather afraid that a long time might be allowed to go by - for apparently pragmatic reasons, which doubtless have deeper roots - before a "hypothesis" such as that which I want to put forward today could hope to be stated in black. First he sets out Marx's real philosophy, which is Marx as he understands him.
The English translation of Louis Althusser's presents a curiosity., for the most part, has been rendered as forever, as if, after 1989, the promise of Althusserian Marxism had been displaced into an irretrievable or unrealizable future. But if they are prepared to, and if they have enough knowledge of the history of the sciences, Communists can help scientists (including natural scientists and mathematicians) to understand its truth.