significant (Mann-Whitney-U:.0;.184). Assent and written consent was received from both child participant and parent. Utilizing these data to inform a power analysis, a similar percentage change in retention score (12.3.8 words) would require a total n of 26, or 13 participants per group with an alpha.05 to yield power. This improved performance in the sung condition group was also present in the composite learning rate score and suggests that music's benefit to verbal memory training is more pronounced essay about your school days after repeated practice and the learning template or musical scaffold becomes increasingly familiar. Study participants were randomized into two groups: (1) 15-word list spoken (2) 15-word list sung see Appendix for primary (List A) and interference (List B) words and music notation. For total learning participants who listened to words sung recalled on average.4 more words than those in the spoken condition.
Comparision of groups across trials. Learning rate was computed by subtracting the number of words recalled in AT1 from the number of words recalled in AT5 ( Lezak., 2004 ). Recognition scores for words correctly identified, intrusions, and repetitions. While a total of 33 participants were recruited and participated in the study, one was disqualified from inclusion due to the family reported diagnosis of adhd. The participant was then asked to recall words from List A (RT but without hearing them as before. Doi:.1525/mp.25 CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar Wallace,. Data Analysis An audio recording of each learning trial was coded for later review by the rater team to verify correct scoring of participant performance. Doi:.1037/0894-49 CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar Ivnik,. Another study with individuals with Multiple Sclerosis utilizing a similar test procedure while also examining EEG activity found word order memory as predictive of higher overall word recall performance ( Thaut., 2014 ).
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