instead was to use his army to dominate Athenian allied cities and take all Athenian land outside the walled city of Athens - in effect, hold it hostage. Peloponnesian War A Strategy Comparison Essay, Research Paper. The Free Press: New York,. Just before the Peloponnesian War began, Pericles of Athens and King Archidamus of Sparta provided net assessments of the comparative strengths and weaknesses of the two sides. Included in these improvements was the construction of large walls around the city and down to the port at Piraeus, home of the Athenian Navy. Conflicts between the two cites dated back further, however, with skirmishes from 460-445 effectively ending in a draw. While Athenian forces made raids and even established small coastal bases in Spartan territory, these forays were unable to inflict sufficient damage to aid the Athenian fight. The balance of power would not be an issue for instigating a war. Comparison Of Strategies Reviewing King Archidamus projections, from both his perspective and with the benefit of hindsight, reveal his sagacity.
He asked them to tolerate the insults and accusations of cowardice the enemy would hurl at them from beneath their walls. Athenian Strategy Much of Athens unwillingness to compromise stemmed from the supreme confidence Pericles had in both his navy and his overall strategy. Archidamus did not suppose that he could match the Athenian Navy, however, no matter how many new allies Sparta courted. He worked hard to avoid it and harder to prepare for. When a great armed short essay on social evils in pakistan force marched out of the city, the risk of rebellion grew exponentially. Noting Athens naval superiority and expansive financial resources, he was fully aware that a conflict could not end quickly. I fear, he explained, that it is more likely that we shall be leaving (this war) to our children after. The Art Of War. A political, philosophical and cultural center, Athens power and prosperity depended on its command of its great maritime empire, which was centered on the Aegean Sea. Pericles intended to draw citizens inside the protective walls to wait out the Spartan advance. He did not need to defeat the entire Athenian Navy; he only needed to complete the choke-hold on Athens begun by his army outside the city walls.